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COP26:解锁气候变化的关键词******

第26届联合国气候变化大会(COP26)即将举行,气候变化无疑是当今最重大国际议题之一,也是人类未来生存面临的主要挑战之一,但用来阐述气候变化方方面面的科技语言和词汇经常令人感到费解。这篇文章将为您解读一些关于COP26 气候变化会议相关的专用术语。

COP26: Climate change - what do all the words mean?

COP26, the climate change conference taking place in the Scottish city of Glasgow, is right around the corner.

COP26 气候变化会议即将在苏格兰格拉斯哥市举行。

You're likely to hear a lot about the conference, but even if you're really interested in climate change, sometimes the scientific language used to talk about it can be tricky to understand.

您可能会听到很多关于会议的信息,但即使您真的对气候变化感兴趣,有时用来谈论它的科学语言也很难理解。

That's where we come in! We've created this handy jargon-buster to explain some of the key terms you'll be hearing at COP26.

这篇文章将为您解读一些关于COP26 气候变化会议相关的专用术语。

1.5 degrees

The planet's temperature is getting warmer. Scientists say that we need to stop the rise from getting over 1.5 degrees Celsius in order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

It is compared to pre-industrial times, which means before the industrial revolution, which was a period of technological advancement that saw the beginning of large scale carbon emissions by humans.

The average global temperature has already gone up by about 1 degree Celsius.

1.5 摄氏度 (1.5℃)

地球的温度正在持续升高。科学家认为,将全球平均气温上升幅度控制在 1.5 摄氏度以内将可避免出现气候变化带来的最坏后果;

这是与“前工业时代”相比,这意味着在代表着技术进步的工业革命之前,人类开始大规模碳排放。

自工业革命开始以来,地球气温已经上升了大约 1℃。

Carbon footprint

This refers to the amount of carbon emitted over a certain period of time, for example, your carbon footprint is bigger if you drive somewhere, than if you walk.

Individuals and groups of people such as companies can have carbon footprints.

Products can also have a footprint, which refers to how much carbon is emitted when they are made.

碳足迹(碳脚印,Carbon footprint)

这个词是指一段时间内排放的碳量,例如,如果您开车到某个地方,您的碳足迹比步行要大。

个人或组织(例如公司)可能会产生碳足迹。

产品也可以有足迹,这是指生产该产品时排放的碳量。

Carbon neutral

If something is carbon neutral, it means that the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) it releases into the atmosphere is the same amount as it takes out. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a major cause of climate change.

碳中和(Carbon neutral)

碳中和的意思是指某物质释放到大气中的二氧化碳 (CO2) 的量与其吸收的量相同。二氧化碳 (CO2) 是气候变化的主要原因。

Climate change

Climate means patterns of weather over a long period of time. For example, the climate in the UK sees us getting mild and wet winters, and warm and dry summers.

Climate change means these patterns start to look different, and we can start to see extreme weather patterns emerging that we're not used to, such as heatwaves or long periods of heavy rain.

气候变化 (Climate Change)

气候是指很长一段时间内的天气模式。例如,英国的气候让我们看到了温暖潮湿的冬天和温暖干燥的夏天。

气候变化意味着这些模式开始有所变化,我们可以开始看到我们不习惯的极端天气出现,例如热浪或长时间的大雨。

COP

This stands for Conference Of the Parties. It's the name of the annual climate change negotiations organised by the United Nations (UN). The meeting in Glasgow is the 26th time this has happened, so it is known as COP26.

COP

这个词指缔约方会议。这是联合国(UN)组织的年度气候变化谈判的名称。在格拉斯哥举行的会议是第26届气候变化会议,因此被称为 COP26。

Emissions

Emissions are any releases of gases that contribute to global warming, such as CO2.

They can be smaller individual emissions such as from car engines, or they can be larger, such as those from coal-burning power stations.

排放(Emissions)

排放是指任何能导致全球变暖的气体(如二氧化碳)的释放。

这些气体可以小到汽车尾气,也可以大到燃煤发电站产生的废气。

Feedback loop

In a feedback loop, the rising temperatures of Earth change the environment in ways that affect how quickly the planet gets warmer. Sometimes these changes make the temperatures rise faster, and this is called a positive feedback loop.

An example of this is the sea-ice in the Arctic. The big white ice spaces in this part of the world currently reflect the Sun's rays away, but when they melt and the surface colour becomes a darker blue or green, the Sun's rays start to get absorbed.

In short, less sea ice means more warming, which means more ice melts.

反馈环(反馈回路,Feedback loop)

在反馈环中,地球温度升高以影响地球变暖速度的方式改变环境。有时这些变化会使温度上升得更快,这称为正反馈环。

这方面的一个例子是北极的海冰。北极地区的大白冰空间目前将太阳光线反射出去,但是当它们融化并且表面颜色变成深蓝色或绿色时,太阳光线开始被吸收。

简而言之,更少的海冰意味着更多的变暖,这又会导致更多的冰融化。

Geo-engineering

This is any technology that can help in the fight against climate change. Some people think that geo-engineering will be crucial in tackling climate change, but others believe that changing behaviours (like taking fewer flights) will be far more important.

地球工程学(Geo-engineering)

这是指可以帮助应对气候变化的技术。有些人认为地球工程对于应对气候变化至关重要,但其他人认为改变人类行为(例如减少飞行)将更为重要。

IPCC

This stands for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It's a group that was set up by the United Nations and World Meteorological Organisation.

Its role is to analyse scientific research on climate change.

IPCC

全称是“政府间气候变化专门委员会”(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change),由联合国和世界气象组织共同设立的科学机构。

它的目的和职责是分析气候变化的科学研究。

Runaway climate change

Right now, scientists think we should be able to keep climate change under control, if we all make a number of changes.

However, there is a concern that if our climate keeps changing at its current rate, it will eventually reach a 'tipping point', after which it will be incredibly difficult to stop or reverse the effects of climate change.

In 2018, the IPCC said that global emissions must be reduced by 45% by 2030, and to net zero by 2050 to have a 50% chance of limiting temperature rises to 1.5C this century.

International leaders at the conference will be talking about how they plan to reach those targets.

气候变化失控(Runaway climate change)

现在,科学家们认为,如果我们都做出一些改变,我们应该能够控制气候变化。

然而,有人担心,如果我们的气候以目前的速度持续变化,它最终将达到一个“临界点”,之后就很难阻止或扭转气候变化的影响。

2018 年,IPCC 表示,到 2030 年全球排放量必须减少 45%,到 2050 年达到净零排放量,才有 50% 的机会将本世纪气温上升限制在 1.5C。

本次会议中,各国领导人将对实现这些目标的计划进行讨论。

Chinese footballers have to learn to deal with media, says former Chinese international******

BEIJING, Nov. 1 (Xinhua) -- Chinese football players have to come to terms with criticism from the media with a strong mentality, said former Chinese international Li Yi.。

Chinese players, especially the national team ones, tend to become the laughing stock of the fans when things go wrong with them, said the head coach of China's second-tier side Sichuan Jiuniu.。

"Above all, you need to be mentally strong to face the criticism. Otherwise, you probably cannot get over it," said Li.。

"When I was young, I could not figure out why others could get away with a mistake on the field while that could leave me having to face a flood of stick," he said.。

"But you have to get to grips with it, which in turn could help you develop a strong mentality," he added.。

Li made those comments when the Chinese national team is under fire after they won one and lost three of their first four games in the third round of Asian World Cup qualifiers.。

"The fact that you are being criticized means you are still being valued," Li noted. Enditem。

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Michael Jordan sneakers sell for nearly $1.5 mn, an auction record******

A pair of sneakers worn by National Basketball Association superstar Michael Jordan early in his career sold for nearly US$1.5 million on Sunday, setting a record price at auction for game-worn footwear, Sotheby's said.

The white leather shoes with the red Nike swoosh and soles were worn by the iconic player in the fifth game of his rookie season with the Chicago Bulls, when Nike's Jordan-affiliated brand was only just taking off as a sensation both on and off the court.

"The most valuable sneakers ever offered at auction – Michael Jordan's regular season game-worn Nike Air Ships from 1984 – have just sold at US$1,472,000 in our luxury sale in Las Vegas," the auction house said in a statement on Twitter.

The astronomical price easily beat the record held by a pair of Nike Air Jordans which sold for US$615,000 in August 2020 at a Christie's auction.

Jordan's autographed size-13 lace-ups were in good overall condition, with signs of court wear and tear, Sotheby's said. The pair was a gift from the player to Tommie Tim III Lewis, who was a ball boy for the Denver Nuggets during the 1984-85 season.

The market for rare sports shoes is soaring. The record price for sneakers has been broken several times recently as what was seen as a niche market a decade ago now attracts interest from the general public as well as leading collectors.

And the market value of objects identified with the retired basketball superstar have skyrocketed since the release of "The Last Dance," an ESPN/Netflix documentary that chronicles the saga of Jordan and his Chicago Bulls.

The sneakers that went under the hammer on Sunday predate the first Air Jordans, the now-classic line that quickly morphed from popular basketball gear to sought-after streetwear worldwide.

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来源于:华商网-华商报。

编写:报刊社方方正正。

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