面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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Economic Watch: Power of resilience: How China navigates changing economic landscape******

People visit the Yuyuan Garden during the week-long National Day holiday in Shanghai, east China, Oct. 2, 2021. (Xinhua/Wang Xiang)。

BEIJING, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) -- The year 2021 saw almost all economies at the crossroads amid headwinds from COVID-19 to energy shortages and inflation. Yet China -- the only major economy to grow last year -- again demonstrated the power of resilience.。

Despite multiple challenges, China's economy has seen a largely steady recovery this year and is set to achieve major annual targets, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said while presiding over a recent symposium on the economy.。

Recent economic data backs the premier's remarks. From foreign trade and industrial strength to vibrant consumption and inbound investment, the Chinese economy provides abundant evidence of its tenacity.。

China's imports and exports of goods expanded to 31.67 trillion yuan (about 4.95 trillion U.S. dollars) in the first 10 months of 2021, 130 billion yuan higher than the pre-pandemic goods trade level for the whole year of 2019, official data showed.。

"Global exports are mainly supported by prices. However, volumes have made a greater contribution to China's exports than prices in 2021, suggesting China's exports are indeed resilient," said a report by China International Capital Corporation Limited (CICC).。

Bai Ming, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation under the Ministry of Commerce, attributed the stable foreign trade to strong external demand as China's complete industrial system continued to play a key role in stabilizing the global industrial chain.。

Industrial activities are holding up well against rising producer prices, sporadic resurgence of the epidemic and energy strain, as the government's epidemic control proved effective and efforts at ensuring stable prices and energy supply paid off.。

In October, China's industrial production beat market expectations by reporting a 3.5 percent year-on-year rise, up 0.4 percentage points from September.。

China's vibrant consumption and its lure for foreign investors also stood out, as the country's October retail sales rose above forecasts and foreign direct investment in 2021 is expected to post double-digit growth.。

While worries run high over spillover effects of major developed economies' monetary policy adjustment on emerging markets, China's central bank said the adjustment will have "limited" impact on the country.。

This resilience could be attributed to China's huge economic size, normal monetary policies, progress in market-oriented reform of the exchange rates of the Chinese currency as well as increasing attractiveness of Renminbi assets, the People's Bank of China said in its latest quarterly report on monetary policy implementation.。

LONG-RUN GAINS。

A key to sustaining China's economic vitality is the government's determined focus on reforms needed for long-term development, while sound economic fundamentals in return give China leeway to pursue more sustainable growth.。

After accomplishing its "first centenary goal" of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, China's leadership has put common prosperity in a more prominent position, aiming at affluence shared by everyone, both in material and cultural terms.。

On carbon reduction, China in October unveiled an overarching guideline to achieve its carbon peak and carbon neutrality goals as well as an action plan to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030.。

Also this year, China imposed intensive regulations on certain fields including tech, property and high-emission sectors to rein in disorderly expansion of capital and foster more sustainable and inclusive growth in the long run.。

The CICC report noted that real estate regulation is conducive to the healthy development of the economy in the medium and long term, just as the carbon peak and carbon neutrality initiatives will improve the quality of China's economic growth.。

Benefits of these far-reaching measures can already be felt. Morgan Stanley in a recent report forecast higher infrastructure investment growth next year driven by green investment. Manufacturing investment demand could also arise from equipment upgrades to improve energy efficiency, according to the report.。

That said, authorities are cool-headed and prepared to brace for uncertainties, with more policies in the pipeline to shore up the resilience of the economy.。

There are multiple challenges ahead for the Chinese economy to sustain stable growth from a high base, as new downward pressures emerged and domestic and external economic environment continued to be complex, the premier said during the symposium.。

Efforts should be made to roll out new preferential tax policies, guarantee stable power supply, support new business models such as cross-border e-commerce, among others, to keep Chinese economy running within an appropriate range and ensure stable employment, according to Li. Enditem。

Lawmakers elect Scholz as German chancellor******

German lawmakers elected Social Democrat Olaf Scholz as chancellor on Wednesday, ending 16 years of conservative rule under Angela Merkel and paving the way for a pro-European government that has promised to boost green investment.。

Scholz, 63, who over the past four years served as vice chancellor and finance minister in coalition with Merkel, got a clear majority of 395 votes from lawmakers in the lower house of parliament, Bundestag President Baerbel Bas said.。

Wearing a black face mask, Scholz waved as he received a standing ovation from lawmakers and lavish bouquets of flowers and a basket of apples from the leaders of the parliamentary parties.。

Scholz was formally nominated by President Frank-Walter Steinmeier in the nearby Bellevue Palace before returning to parliament to take the oath of office in front of lawmakers and become Germany's ninth chancellor since the end of World War Two.。

Scholz swore, among other things, to devote his energies to the welfare of the German people. But he did not ask for God's help, a phrase that is usually included in the oath of office and was spoken by Merkel.。

Back in Bellevue Palace, the ministers of the new cabinet received their appointment certificates from the president.。

In the afternoon, Merkel will officially hand over the chancellery to Scholz as the country faces a brutal fourth wave of coronavirus infections and challenges to its democratic order from authoritarian governments.。

With his down-to-earth and no-nonsense manner, Scholz has positioned himself as Merkel's natural successor and a safe pair of hands to steer Europe's largest economy through challenges ranging from tackling the climate crisis to dealing with a more confrontational Russia and increasingly assertive China.。

Scholz will lead an unprecedented three-way ruling coalition on the federal level with the pro-spending, environmentalist Greens and the fiscally more conservative, libertarian Free Democrats (FDP) - unlikely political bedfellows in the past.。

Scholz is an experienced negotiator and veteran politician who as SPD party secretary general from 2002 until 2004 defended controversial labour market reforms and social welfare cuts under former Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.。

As labour minister from 2007-2009 in Merkel's first ruling coalition, Scholz pushed for a generous short-time work scheme that helped protect millions of workers from the fallout of the global financial crisis.。

After being mayor of the northern port city of Hamburg from 2011-2018, Scholz returned to Berlin as Merkel's finance minister - a role in which he got rid of the goal of balanced budgets and enabled record new borrowing to shield companies and employees from the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.。

On the European level, he worked closely with France and persuaded Merkel to support a debt-financed European Recovery Fund worth 800 billion euros ($900 billion) to help EU member states hit hardest by COVID-19.。

Merkel, 67, a lover of opera and hiking in the little spare time she has had in the last 16 years, has given few clues about what she plans to do in retirement.。

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河北一教师老家盖房遭邻居阻挠31年 乡、村干部调解多年无果******

王志伟的宅基地经村、乡、县三级审批。

据王志伟提供的信访事项答复书等材料显示,村、乡干部曾多次为此事进行调解,但都无果。该信访意见答复书还称:“王志伟家宅基地有县、乡、村三级手续,受法律保护,支持王志伟按原来审批手续使用宅基地。”

王志伟当过多年乡村民办教师,直至上世纪九十年代中期才转正。他说,这么多年,他和老婆一直住在学校的宿舍里,回老家的时候也只能住在父母兄弟家。前些年他们在县城买了一套七十余平方米的房子,才算有了自己的家。但农村讲究“落叶归根”,他还是想在老家的宅基地上盖上房子,以度余生。

1991年,北冶乡政府曾就王志伟王平平的纠纷问题给出过调查处理意见。

10月22日,下滩村一位村干部向澎湃新闻证实了王志伟所述事项,其称,乡、村干部多次调解无果,“我们也没有执法权,只能调解,调解人家不听的话,只能看他们能不能通过打官司解决。”但这名村干部也坦言,即便打了官司,但执行起来也是问题。

对于此事,王平平未接受采访。

农村建房纠纷,基层干部面临的难题。武汉大学中国乡村治理中心博士研究生望超凡此前在澎湃新闻刊发文章建议,重建农村公共权威和利益分配规则,才能够对各种新增利益进行清晰且受到普遍认可地分配,进而化解错综复杂的农民利益纠纷。

盖房遭邻居多次阻挠

1990年12月,时任平山县民办教师的王志伟,经过村委会、乡镇府、县政府三级审批,在他老家北冶乡下滩村获得一块宅基地。其《村民宅基地审批表》显示,该审批表上除村委会、乡政府、县政府的“同意”意见外,还有经村民代表讨论、乡计生站审核后的“同意”意见。所批宅基地属于规划内的村内空闲地,面积0.25亩(约167平方米)。

但之后,王志伟建房活动遭到南边邻居王平平的阻挠。平山县北冶乡政府1991年10月15日出具的《北冶乡人民政府民事处理意见书》显示,王志伟与王平平产生侵权纠纷一案,北冶乡政府就此案经过了周密的调查,取证了有关人员的证明材料和村委意见,已经处理完毕查明。

上述处理意见书显示,王志伟宅基地1990年合法取得,并办理了宅基地使用证等相关手续。在王志伟两次动工期间,王平平多次出手制止、强行阻拦,迫使王志伟停止施工。此外,在审批规划王志伟宅基地期间,王平平未经任何干部批准,加紧在王志伟的宅基地内挖了一个坑,准备做猪圈,实属严重的违法行为,村委会、乡政府调解无效。根据《土地管理法》第十一条规定,作出如下处理意见:

一、王平平阻拦王志伟动工建筑实属侵权行为,宅基地以内的一切附着物应无条件全部腾出,不准影响王志伟的正常施工建筑。

二、王志伟所审批的宅基地,是经村委会申报,又办理了宅基地使用证,理应动工建筑,维持村委会意见,他人无权干涉。

王志伟称,当时乡政府对这个事情的态度比较强硬,所以王平平很快就填平了为做猪圈挖的坑。但此后,王平平仍不断阻挠王志伟建房,并另建一座猪圈,侵占了王志伟的部分宅基地。

1996年,王志伟(又名王爱平)与王平平曾达成协议。

1996年,王志伟准备起诉王平平,并为此调取了部分证据。其中,平山县土地局档案查阅记录显示,王志伟宅基地总面积195平方米(注:含预留公共道路等部分)其中,该宅基地南边与王平平房屋根基之间留有滴水4.5尺(约1.5米)),东边留道5.8尺(约1.9米)。

王志伟称,起诉后法官对双方进行了调解,并于1996年4月8日签下一份协议书。该协议书显示,经双方协商同意,王志伟在新批宅基地南边留出5.5尺(约1.8米)道路一条,南边以王平平北房石根基为限,所留道路有王志伟半尺滴水,但不得向道上扫雪,所留道路双方均不许占用。

此外,双方还约定,王志伟宅院东边留6尺(约2米)宽南北道路一条,王平平猪圈所占道路部分一个月内拆除,王平平在王志伟宅基地内的建筑及附着物一个月内拆除腾清。

王志伟介绍,这份协议等于是他做出了一些让步妥协才达成的,但王平平之后仍不履行该协议,“只要我一动工,王平平和家人就出面阻拦,因为不能正常施工,我的房子在垒起根基后,村里和外村人没人再敢承包干活。”

做好房屋根基却被拆毁数米

此后,双方再起争执是在2018年。王志伟说:“2018年,我妻子癌症病情加重,她的愿望是能回到自己老家。我就回家准备盖房,找人估算工程时,王平平看到了,为了阻拦我家盖房,他就组织家人拆毁了我家垒起多年的房根基。”

信访事项答复意见书显示,2018年4月,王平平家人将王志伟家已垒好的房根基拆毁数米。

王志伟提供的《北冶乡信访事项答复意见书》调查情况显示,经查,2018年4月9日,下滩村实施“户户通”道路硬化工程,硬化至王志伟家宅基地时,邻居王平平妻子崔变林、儿子王成成、侄子王素龙拆毁王志伟已垒好的房根基数米,并将施工队已固定好的盒子板拉出,超出规定边界,侵占了王志伟家宅基地,并用水泥进行了硬化。

事后,乡政府介入调查核实,王志伟家宅基地有1990年县、乡、村三级审批手续。乡、村两级干部到现场调解,要求王平平把侵占王志伟宅基地硬化部分切割掉,王平平拒不执行。后乡、村两级干部又多次进行调解无果。

2018年4月,王平平的妻子等侵占王志伟家宅基地,并用水泥进行硬化。

该答复意见书给出的处理意见为:王志伟家宅基地有县、乡、村三级手续,受法律保护,支持王志伟按原来审批手续使用宅基地;乡、村两级干部多次调解无果,建议其走司法程序处理此事。

王志伟表示,在房屋根基被毁、宅基地被侵占后,他曾报警,但最终仍不了了之。

获批宅基地时,王志伟还是一名乡村民办教师。后来转正为公办教师,他仍在乡村学校教书多年,直至前些年才调至平山县教育局工作,目前已到退休年龄,正在办理退休手续。王志伟的爱人始终为农村户口,做过幼儿园代理老师,因患癌症于2020年去世。

王志伟说,这么多年,他和老婆一直住在学校的宿舍里,回老家的时候也只能住在父母兄弟家。前些年他们在县城买了一套七十余平方米的房子,才算有了自己的家。但农村讲究“落叶归根”,他还是想在老家的宅基地上盖上房子,以度余生。

10月22日,下滩村一位村干部向澎湃新闻证实了此事,该干部表示,王志伟和王平平两家这个纠纷持续几十年,都成历史问题了,乡、村干部多次调解,之前两家各自让步达成协议,但后来又起冲突,王平平家又侵占了王志伟家的宅基地,“我们又没执法权,只能调解,调解人家不听的话,只能看他们能不能通过打官司解决。”

但这名村干部也坦言,之前他们两家也打过官司,达成过协议,但执行起来也是问题。“人家不执行怎么办呢?都说远亲不如近邻,邻里间还是要处好关系,不然以后住一起也是问题。”记者询问其是否考虑过给王志伟调换一块宅基地?该干部表示,村里已经没有空闲宅基地调换了。

此后,澎湃新闻又致电王平平,但其听到记者询问宅基地纠纷一事后,便将电话挂断。

图中白色小楼为王平平家,图右侧空地为王志伟家的宅基地。

如何化解农村复杂的纠纷难题?此前,福建莆田一位基层干部在接受澎湃新闻采访时坦言,过去几年,建房问题成为农村纠纷矛盾的高发区。建房前需要邻居签字“四邻协议”,时常一些村民将其利用成刁难他人的工具。基层干部也只能介入调解,多数调解不成的只能拖着。

依靠基层干部调解已难以有效化解复杂的农民利益纠纷。有着长期的基层调研经验的武汉大学中国乡村治理中心博士研究生望超凡此前在澎湃新闻刊发文章认为,现阶段农村社会中的矛盾纠纷基本上都是利益纠纷,要解决利益纠纷,关键是在纠纷各方之间划出一条大家都认可的利益边界。重建农村公共权威和利益分配规则,才能够对各种新增利益进行清晰且受到普遍认可地分配,进而化解错综复杂的农民利益纠纷。


CBA Roundup: Chen Ying******

ZHUJI, China, Nov. 12 (Xinhua) -- Guard Chen Ying-Chun finished with 33 points and 12 assists, leading the Guangzhou Loong Lions to edge the Jilin Northeast Tigers 107-104 for their third straight win in the 2021-22 season Chinese Basketball Association (CBA) on Friday.。

Jilin had a 7-0 run at the beginning of the game, while Nathaniel Mason scored 10 points to help Guangzhou narrow the margin at 21-25 in the first quarter.。

Chen got 11 points and four assists in the second quarter, helping Guangzhou turn the tables 50-48.。

Jilin shooters Cui Jinming and Jiang Weize had five three-pointers in the fourth quarter to help the team establish a double-digit lead. However, Chen came out again with continuous downtown shooting to lead Guangzhou to victory in the final minutes.。

Also on Friday, the Guangdong Southern Tigers smashed the Jiangsu Dragons 108-73. Guard Xu Jie had 15 points, seven rebounds and seven assists from the Guangdong bench.。

The Beijing Ducks defeated the Qingdao Eagles 78-73 after a typical Beijing-style game. Center Fan Ziming got 21 points and 11 rebounds for Beijing.。

With Hu Jinqiu's 36 points and Sun Minghui's double-double of 22 points and 12 assists, the Zhejiang Lions moved past Xinjiang Flying Tigers 109-100. Enditem。

2800亿美元《芯片法案》,究竟安的什么心?

1.北京4例本土感染者涉及3区 社会面筛查1例在昌平区

2.土耳其议会批准将派驻利比亚的土军驻扎期限延长18个月

3.低钠盐有助于调理血压,降低、心脏病风险

4.买车后需要自己加装的5个装置,不为面子,只为驾驶安全

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