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時間:2022-08-16 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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China Focus: "Lighthouse factory" leads the way in China's smart manufacturing******

by Xinhua writers Ye Ting, Zhang Yiyi

BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- Few operators are needed at the Sany Group's Beijing Rotary Drilling Rig Plant, as industrial robots are the leading employees when it comes to assembling machinery.

The smart factory, located in Changping District of the Chinese capital, was in September added to the World Economic Forum's Global Lighthouse Network, which recognizes factories showing leadership in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Notably, the factory in Beijing is the first heavy industry enterprise to be added to the list globally.

With a workshop area of four hectares, the futuristic plant is well equipped with 12 automated production lines and 150 robots.

Human workers have also been trained as technicians who can operate the robots directly, according to Dong Mingkai, dean of Sany's intelligent manufacturing research institute.

The factory has deployed a new manufacturing model with advanced human-machine collaboration automation, artificial intelligence and Internet of Things technologies.

The upgrade has served as a boost for production efficiency and product quality, as these innovations have managed to increase labor productivity by 85 percent and slash production lead time by 77 percent, accelerating from almost a month to just a week.

On the automatic assembly line for small and medium-sized parts, Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) and industrial robots connected to the 5G network can move freely on the ground. Together with truss manipulators, the devices are able to position, grasp and assemble machinery parts in an orderly manner.

Nearly 30 model varieties can be produced with the help of robots and core intelligent technologies including laser and visual sensing, working to meet the growing demand for multi-category and small-batch flexible assembly and take a lead in the whole industry, according to Dong.

The factory's number of human workers has decreased from 2,000 to just a fifth of that, while the annual volume of equipment produced has soared from 1,000 to 3,000 units, said Dai Qinghua, director of the Sany Group.

As China promotes green and low-carbon development, and promises to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060, the country has reached a consensus to promote a more eco-friendly engineering machinery industry.

The "lighthouse factories" represented by Sany Group's Beijing Rotary Drilling Rig Plant are just one example of Chinese enterprises' unremitting pursuit of high-quality and low-carbon development through digital transformations.

"The plant is resource-saving and eco-friendly, and its demand for and consumption of electricity are obviously decreasing," said Tang Xiuguo, president of Sany Group. He said the power generated by the group's self-sustaining wind power plant has far exceeded the power consumption of all its factories.

"Sany Group will actively explore the applications of new energy to save energy and improve energy efficiency. And existing construction machinery products built with diesel engines and petrochemical energy are expected to rely on electricity in the future," Dai said. Enditem

预供热阶段住户家并不会来暖气片 西安气温大跳水已临近提早供暖标准******

  中午6时,毛毛雨,溫度4℃,西南风5级。11月6日,寒流如期而至,风吹雨打扶持,温度大幅度暴跌,让人一脸懵逼。许多群众拨通华商报怀疑,西安究竟供不采暖,为什么到现在暧气片或是冰的?

  “那么冷的天,西安市还不采暖,说成6号加热,到现在暧气片或是冰的。”“我去了在白沙镇路的培华住宅小区业,政府通知6号采暖,可是住宅小区二次充压的加热炉都还没打火,烟筒都还没起烟”……。

  在寒风冷气中,大家都满怀对暖气片的急切希望,但实际上,这也是对政府机构通告的误会,预供热并不是具体供热,依照西安市城管局先前的通告,群众家中暖起來的日子依然是11月15日。

  11月4日,西安市城管执法和行政执法局公布《有关调节预供热時间的通告》,通告11月6日至8日西安市将有一次大范畴寒流全过程,为解决寒流到来,将预供热時间调节至11月6日,较以前规定的11月8日提早了二天。11月6日是西安市预供热第一天,西安城投供热集团公司市区供热企业工作员早已打开供热系统,与此同时对有关取暖设备开展查验。到底什么叫预供热?据了解,供热公司在非采暖季沒有运作加热炉,在收到政府部门提早命令后,第一时间运行加热炉。预供热的准备工作包含管网灌水,打压测试等。为完成住宅小区住户供暖温度合格,将根据加热炉提温,管网运输发热量,住宅小区换热站,供热二次管网传至住户家里,这就是预供热的流程。必须特别注意的是,预供热时绝大多数住户室内温湿度并无显著的转变,依照要求11月15日零时将所有超过要求供暖温度。

  “预供热便是热力公司內部逐渐打火循环系统,是一个內部的调节全过程,假如住宅小区的换热站沒有打开,住户家中压根就不容易暖起來。除非是是某些物业公司或是热力公司直接供应到户住宅小区很早开换热站运作,住户家中才会来暖。”一位专业人士说,住宅小区的供热分一次管网和二次管网,都运作起來才可以完成采暖,只是热力公司的一次管网运作是不好的,必须换热站打开把热流开水送至住宅小区內部管路中。要是没有政府部门的统一规定,物业公司是不容易那么早打开换热站的,由于要消耗水电工程,全是成本费。

  西安近些年一直实行延展性采暖。依据《西安市集中化供热规章》,集中化供热期是当初的11月15日到第二年的3月15日。人民政府可依据气候情况等原因对集中化供热的起止日期开展调节,并向社會发布。这几年西安的延展性供热标准是,在日平均温度持续3天小于或相当于5℃时,西安市城管局将向市人民政府申请执行提早或是增加供热時间。而依据天气预告,西安11月6日温度0到11度,7日-3到7度,8日-2到10度,9日2到10度,10日2到11度,已几乎贴近持续日平均温度5度。

  华商报新闻记者 李琳。


来源于:华商网-华商报。

编写:报刊社方方正正。

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Market exchange rates in China******

BEIJING, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) -- The following are the central parity rates of the Chinese currency renminbi, or the yuan, against 24 major currencies announced on Monday by the China Foreign Exchange Trade System:

Currency Unit Central parity rate in yuan

U.S. dollar 100 639.24

Euro 100 744.21

Japanese yen 100 5.626

Hong Kong dollar 100 82.237

British pound 100 879.73

Australian dollar 100 477.28

New Zealand dollar 100 456.92

Singapore dollar 100 474.06

Swiss franc 100 697.56

Canadian dollar 100 516.71

Malaysian ringgit 64.954 100

Ruble 1,100.89 100

Rand 231.87 100

Korean won 18,421 100

UAE dirham 57.467 100

Saudi riyal 58.687 100

Hungarian forint 4,892.78 100

Polish zloty 61.77 100

Danish krone 99.97 100

Swedish krona 134.20 100

Norwegian krone 130.67 100

Turkish lira 152.536 100

Mexican peso 315.83 100

Thai baht 520.93 100

The central parity rate of the yuan against the U.S. dollar is based on a weighted average of prices offered by market makers before the opening of the interbank market each business day.

The central parity rate of the yuan against the Hong Kong dollar is based on the central parity rate of the yuan against the U.S. dollar and the exchange rate of the Hong Kong dollar against the U.S. dollar at 9 a.m. in international foreign exchange markets on the same business day.

The central parity rates of the yuan against the other 22 currencies are based on the average prices offered by market makers before the opening of the interbank foreign exchange market. Enditem

China to strengthen IPR support in new fields, business forms******

BEIJING, Nov. 2 (Xinhua) -- China will inject more efforts in the intellectual property rights (IPR) sector to better serve the growth of new fields and new business forms during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), said the IPR authorities.。

According to the plan, the National Intellectual Property Administration (NIPA) will carry out in-depth study and practice in the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence (AI) and other new fields and new business forms.。

China will put diverse efforts on patent examination, data IPR protection, Internet-related IPR protection and IPR international cooperation in the 14th Five-Year Plan period.。

The NIPA will give full play to the bidirectional promotion function of patent examination in promoting innovation and application. It will improve the examination rules in the emerging fields to boost breakthroughs in core technologies and their industrial application.。

It will promote the implementation of the data IPR protection project, push forward the legislative research and establish rules in the sector, targeting to effectively protect and use data to ensure personal privacy and national security.。

The Chinese IPR authorities will also strengthen the IPR protection in the Internet field and facilitate the sector's online and offline integrated development to meet the new challenges from the information era.。

According to the NIPA, China will also promote international IPR cooperation in new fields and business forms, as well as international rulemaking in big data, AI and other emerging new fields. Enditem。

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